What is period pain?
What is period pain?
With the onset of Menarche, every month your ovaries release an egg. During your
menstruation cycle, the hormones make the lining of your uterus thick – but if pregnancy
doesn’t happen, the thick lining, endometrium, breaks down by itself and it is your period.
When the endometrial cells break down, substances known as prostaglandins are released,
which cause uterine contraction so that it makes the lining come off the walls of your uterus
and leave your body. During your period, your uterus undergoes continual muscular
contractions in the direction of pushing your blood out. Period pain occurs in the repetitive
process of contractions and causes squeezing pain or cramps.
which is ready to be fertilized
Contraction of Uterus Muscles
released because of
the breaking down
of the uterus lining
If your period cramps are way worse suddenly than usual, why?
Two Types of Menstrual Cramps
Primary Dysmenorrhea vs Secondary Dysmenorrhea
It starts within 24 hours right before your period and usually lasts between 48-72 hours.
You may mostly feel pain in the lower belly and on the lower back, but sometimes you may
experience constitutional symptoms.
In the case of Secondary Dysmenorrhea, the pain starts one week before your period or
earlier in your menstrual cycle and lasts longer for a few days after your period. This type of
pain is different from Primary Dysmenorrhea cramps and if you have any of the following symptoms below, it would be better to suspect other diseases related Secondary
- Primary Dysmenorrhea
- Pain associated in the absence of pelvic disease
- Cramping pain on the lower abdomen & back pain
- Migraine/ Vomiting/ Fatigue/ Anemia
- Nervousness/ Loss of appetite/Loose stools/ Bowel dysfunction/ Swollen breasts
- Secondary Dysmenorrhea
- Associated with pelvic pathology
- Cramping pain in the lower abdomen / Pain that radiates to your lower back and thighs
- Had relatively painless menstrual cycle in the past, but start to having severe pains suddenly that interfere with doing everyday things.
- Chills/ Vomiting/ Back pain/ Generalized weakness/ Fatigue/ Loose stools/ Dizziness/ Feeling tense or nervous/ Fainting (accompanied by above constitutional symptoms)
Conditions that can cause Secondary Dysmenorrhea
- Uterine fibroids
- Cervical stenosis
- Uterine myoma
5 Best Tips for a Healthy Period
Keep your lower abdomen warm
Take a warm half bath or use a hitting pad for good blood circulation in your lower
belly and lower body. It will be helpful to relieve your pain.
Do light stretching
Regular exercise stimulates the release of hormones which will be effective in
Make sure you get enough protein
and vitamins in your diet
it is good to take foods
rich in protein and vitamins such as brown rice, fruits, vegetables, seaweed, fish and
Get plenty of rest
Getting enough sleep and rest can help with stresses and will reduce your period pain.
Wear casual clothes
Wearing tight clothes will disturb the blood circulation in your
abdomen and lower body, so it will not be effective to relieving your pain.
Source : CHOI-SANG WOMEN'S CLINIC