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Medicines and Children It depends on which.
2018-12-19 14:48

Medicines and Children:
It depends on which. Medicines and Children

As children grow up, they get hurt and become sick. They not only fall or get hurt but they also cough and sniff. But the bigger problem is the cure. It is often the object of fear for children because 'taking' medicines are bitter, and 'applying' medicines can be painful. How can you administer medicine without surprising your child? The following describes how to use kids' medicines by type.

Place the pill on the back of the tongue so they can swallow it easily.

Pills can often be big to swallow or bitter in the mouth. To easily feed the pill to the child, it is helpful to place the drug in two-thirds of the back of the tongue. At this time, the child's head should be slightly leaned back to help them swallow, with water.

Caution : Pills should not be stripped or powdered to feed coated tablets. This is because the drug can be absorbed quickly and cause a rapid rise in blood concentration. It is also dangerous to feed adult drugs with temporary measures just because there is no analgesic for pediatric use. Acetaminophen (e.g. Tylenol), widely used as an antipyretic analgesic, is a prescription-prohibited medication for children under 12 years of age, and may cause hypothermia if a sustained-release acetaminophen is used to slowly release the drug.

Liquid drugs must be shaken before use.

To give liquid drugs, use a spoon or cup with an accurate measuring mark. For small doses, oral syringes may be helpful. If there is medicine left in the container, feed it again with water.

Caution : Most pediatric medicines are in the form of suspension, which means the particles are not dissolved, so taking the medicine without mixing it properly may cause the drug efficacy to be lower than expected or cause unexpected toxicity.

Mix powder with juice or syrup.

In case of powdered drugs, melt it with a little water and sugar before use. Feeding with syrup or feeding on juice is also a good idea. If your child doesn't like it, suggest that they naturally take their breath in and swallow the medicine by gently holding the nose and letting the medicine flow into the mouth.

Caution : Unless it is a newborn baby, it is better to refrain from feeding the medicine in milk. The child may be disgusted by the milk's taste, and the rubber pacifier can clog up with the medicine left in the milk bottle. When you feed with pinching

If ear-medicines are cold, they might surprise the capillaries in the ear.

In case of children under 3 years old, grasp the lower part of the auricle and pull it a little while pushing the indicated amount downward, and in case of children over three years, pull the upper part of the pinna and pull the medicine upward. It is helpful to lay the child on its side so that the medicines can get through well.

Caution : When cold ear-medicines come in suddenly, it may cause the capillaries to shrink and cause dizziness. Therefore, it is recommended that the vial be kept warm.

Apply topical cream and ointment in a small amount to the wound.

Since a child’s skin is thinner than the adult's, their skin absorbs very rapidly when applied topically. Therefore, thinly spread a small amount only on the injured area and avoid around the eyes, nose and mouth..

Caution : As soon as you apply cream or ointment, avoid putting a band-aid on it or filling it with diapers. If the ointment is not sufficiently absorbed and the skin temperature rises, the rate of absorption of the drug may increase and stimulate the skin. It is advisable to consult with an expert about the period of use, frequency and amount applied.

It is good to put the suppository in sleep.

For children who do not like to take a pill, suppositories may be a solution, but they may have a sense of rejection, so I recommend you to use them in their sleep. Place the suppository with vinyl gloves for household use, pushing from the pointed part to the anus for 4 to 5 seconds. When using only half of the medicine, cut it with a knife, and then smoothen the sharp part with your hand or put it in water. Then gently push the groin and hips so that the medicine does not come out. When the suppository is not hard, put it in the refrigerator for packing and then use it after hardening.

Caution : You can use antiseptic as a suppurant for your child. Do not insert it continuously as it does not fall down. It should be used at least every 4 hours. It is important that suppositories are inserted after bowel movement so that they do not come out.

TIP - Giving medicines to children

1. He/she ate the antipyretic drug and puked. What should I do?

If the child has been vomiting within 30 minutes after taking the medicine, it is better to take it again immediately. Immediately after vomiting, the brain feels extra fatigue during vomiting and temporarily loses its ability. If you feed after an amount of time, it is likely that you are in a state of additional recovery from vomiting and can vomit again.

2. What should I do if I forgot to give medicine?

If you forgot their medication, you should give medicine immediately when you found out that you did. If you found out at the time of the next dose, you can forget about the past two doses at once, then give them only the one on schedule.

Professor Jeon, Jihyeon

Department of Pediatrics, CHA Gangnam Medical Center
Specialized in:
: Premature and neonatal diseases, growth and development, child care counseling

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Source: Clinical Nutrition Team, Samsung Medical Center